Predictive Factors for Rathke's Cleft Cyst Consistency
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Objective: Rathke's cleft cysts (RCCs) may have various anatomic, clinical, and radiologic characteristics, which may be related to their differences in texture or consistency. The purpose of the study was to investigate RCCs based on consistency. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 25 cases of patients with RCCs who underwent endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery between 2008 and 2018. Cases were divided into 3 types based on cyst consistency: fluid (serous) or type A (n = 4); semi-fluid (mucoid) or type B (n = 17); and non-fluid (caseous) or type C (n = 4). Demographic, clinical, radiologic, and surgical characteristics for each group were analyzed. Results: All type A RCCs (100%) had visual impairment. The mean age (42.8 ± 13 years) and cyst volume (2442.5 ± 533.6 mm3) were higher in these patients. T1-weighted images were hypointense and T2-weighted images were hyperintense on magnetic resonance imaging. Type B RCCs were more frequently encountered (68%). Although headache was the most common (82.3%) symptom, endocrine disorders were also prevalent (52.9%). T1-weighted images were typically isointense or hyperintense on magnetic resonance imaging. Type C RCCs had the youngest patient population (30.3 ± 10.2 years) and T2-weighted images were predominantly hypointense in this group. Conclusions: The proposed novel consistency classification of RCCs will provide a practical tool for more accurately estimating the nature of the pathology, because each type has its own specific characteristics. Furthermore, the new classification of RCCs may aid in planning a consistency-specific surgery. © 2019 Elsevier Inc.