Anterior and Posterior Reconstruction Technique and Its Impact on Early Return of Continence After Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy
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Background and Purpose: Urinary incontinence is a significant cause of morbidity after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Several techniques have been developed to improve continence rates. In this study, we compared the continence rates of patients who underwent RARP with total reconstruction and without reconstruction. Patients and Methods: Between March 2005 and September 2009, 245 patients underwent RARP at our institution. The initial 120 patients (control group) underwent standard RARP without reconstruction and the last 125 patients (reconstruction group) underwent a total reconstruction technique, which included an anterior and posterior reconstruction. Patients were followed for 1, 4, 12, 24, 36, and 52 weeks after the operation. Continence was defined with strict criteria-no usage of pads and no leakage of urine. Results: In the reconstruction group, the continence rates at, 1, 4, 12, 24, 36, and 52 weeks postoperatively were 71%, 72%, 80%, 84%, 86%, and 91%, respectively; in the control group, the continence rates were 23%, 49%, 76%, 80%, 85%, and 88%, respectively. Conclusion: The overall continence rates were similar in both groups at 52 weeks of follow-up. Patients in the total reconstruction group, however, had higher early continence rates compared with patients in the control group. The total reconstruction procedure is an efficient way to achieve an early return to continence.