Treatment outcomes of metastasis-directed treatment using(68)Ga-PSMA-PET/CT for oligometastatic or oligorecurrent prostate cancer: Turkish Society for Radiation Oncology group study (TROD 09-002)
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Purpose the aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of(68)Ga prostate-specific membrane antigen (Ga-68-PSMA) positron-emission tomography (PET)/CT-based metastasis-directed treatment (MDT) for oligometastatic prostate cancer (PC). Methods in this multi-institutional study, clinical data of 176 PC patients with 353 lesions receiving MDT between 2014 and 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. All patients had biopsy proven PC with <= 5 metastases detected with(68)Ga-PSMA-PET/CT. MDT was delivered with conventional fractionation or stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) techniques. CTCAE v4.0 was used for acute and RTOG/EORTC Late Radiation Morbidity Scoring Schema was used for late toxicity evaluation. Results At the time of MDT, 59 patients (33.5%) had synchronous and 117 patients (66.5%) had metachronous metastases. Median number of metastases was one and the MDT technique was SBRT in 73.3% patients. the 2-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 87.6% and 63.1%, respectively. With a median follow-up of 22.9 months, 9 patients had local recurrence at the irradiated site. the 2-year local control rate at the treated oligometastatic site per patient was 93.2%. in multivariate analysis, an increased number of oligometastases and untreated primary PC were negative predictors for OS; advanced clinical tumor stage, untreated primary PC, BED3 value of <= 108Gy, and MDT with conventional fractionation were negative predictors for PFS. No patient experienced grade >= 3 acute toxicity, but one patient had a late grade 3 toxicity of compression fracture after spinal SBRT. Conclusion Ga-68-PSMA-PET/CT-based MDT is an efficient and safe treatment for oligometastatic PC patients. Proper patient selection might improve treatment outcomes.